Saturday,01 October 2011
Brother Peter O'Dea
Brother Peter Senan O'Dea
|born 23 June 1923|
|entered 6 January 1944|
|died 8 October 1981|
+ + +
+ + +
Ulrich 12th or 13th century
A native of
, he became a monk of Villers and held the office of grange master. Cologne
Nehemias O'Moriertach 12th century
A friend and disciple of St Malachy, he became a Cistercian and later bishop of Cloyne. "A simple and modest man, shining with wisdom and chastity."
MBS, p. 258
Godfrey Pachomius + 1262
A canon regular, he became a monk of Villers, silent and prayerful, full of charity for his brethren and the poor.
Algot + 1160
A monk of Clairvaux, he was chosen to be bishop of the diocese of
which he ably governed for nine years, coming to the aid of monasteries and the poor, and defending the rights of the Church. Chur, Switzerland
Bartholomew Conill + 1458
A physician, he entered the monastery of Poblet in
and in 1437 was elected its abbot. He was especially noted for his charity to his monks and his care for the sick brethren. Catalonia
Bernard Carpentier 1552-1647
A monk of Les Prieres in
, he became its prior and joined the house to the Strict Observance. He accomplished its reform so successfully that he was able to send his monks to reform other houses. He governed his monastery for twenty-three years and then devoted the last years of his life to prayer. Brittany
William 12th century
. Floriege, Provence
A disciple of St Bernard, he was created cardinal, the first from the Cistercian Order, by Pope Innocent II who later made him archbishop of Pisa.
Letter 115 of St Bernard
Philip + 1225
A canon of the principal
, he became a monk of Bonnevaux and abbot first of Bonnevaux and then of Otterberg, which he governed well for thirty years. church of Cologne
Luisa de Foria + 1871
A native of
Brazil, she entered the convent of Santa Maria . She is remembered for her obedience and silence, but even more for her radiant and endearing smile. de Cadins, Spain
With several companions he led an eremetical life near
, to which a hospice for travelers was later added. The community attracted the attention of King Alphonso VIII of Zomora, Spain and Leon, who endowed it and then arranged for its affiliation to the Cistercians in 1137. It was named Castile and Martin governed it for fifteen years until his death. Valparaiso
MBS p. 263
Louis de Gonzague Bailly + 1824
He lived with some hermits at Mont-Valerien near
, but was forced to flee during the French Revolution and became a monk of La Val Sainte. After this house had been suppressed in 1811, he and two confreres lived a communal life in Paris . Later he was chosen by Dom Stephen Malmy to restore the monastery of Aiguebelle. Nancy
Sibyl de Gages + 1250
A canoness of St Gertrude's at
, she entered the community of Aywieres and became a close friend of St Lutgarde (June 16). Sibyl rendered services to Lutgarde, especially after the latter had become blind, and Lutgarde was often guided by Sibyl's advice. Nivelles, Belgium
John James of St Scholastica + 1621
At fifteen he became a Feuillant monk and later preached the gospel in the cities of southern
. He also assisted in establishing the Congregation of St Ursula in France . Bordeaux
Hugh + 1151
A relative and close companion of St Bernard, he entered Citeaux together with him. In 1114, shortly after his profession, Hugh was appointed first abbot of Pontigny, Citeaux's second daughterhouse. Under his direction, the house prospered and made several foundations. He was often appointed judge or delegate in ecclesiastical affairs, and in 1137, he was made bishop of Auxerre. He had a special gift for hospitality.
Abbot or prior of Las
. Junias, Spain
Nicholas de Guedois + 1677
Having as a young monk aided his abbot, Louis Quinet, in the reform of the abbey of Barbery,
, he succeeded him in the abbatial office. Normandy
Richard 12th century
A Benedictine of the monastery of St Mary's, York, and sacristan at the cathedral there, he was among the founders of Fountains Abbey. He was elected to succeed its first abbot, also named Richard. "While he interiorly applied himself to God as far as was possible, Our Lord watched over him outwardly, directing him in all his ways." He had a special gift for hearing confessions. Having gone to Citeaux for the General Chapter, he became ill and died in the presence of St Bernard.
Marguerite + 1240
. Saint-Hoilde, France
Maria Van Dale + 1438
Second prioress of
. Muysen, Belgium
Sancho of St Catherine + 1629
President-general of his congregation.
Geoffrey of Melna + 1178
He entered Clairvaux under its second abbot, Bl Robert of
(April 29). There he had care of the sick. In 1171 he was chosen bishop of Sorra in Bruges Sardinia. Having heard of the solemn translation of the body of St Bernard, he went to Clairvaux to take part in the ceremony. There his longing to die at Clairvaux was fulfilled.
A native of
Brittany, he studied in before becoming a monk at Longonnet. Three years after his profession, he was elected abbot, a position he retained for thirty years. When he was about to retire, Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, offered him land for a monastery. This was Carnoet which in its early days suffered from poverty, as well as the incursion of wolves and rats. Later it prospered and Maurice governed it for fifteen years until his death. The house subsequently became a place of pilgrimage and its name was changed to St Maurice de Carnoet. Paris
Today at least eighteen villages in
Brittany have shrines of St Maurice and an annual procession in his honor.
MBS, p. 264
Flanders + 1185
A monk of Clairvaux, he was chosen by St Bernard to be first abbot of L'Arrivour. Later elected bishop of Auxerre, he governed that diocese well for fifteen years, then resigned and returned to L'Arrivour. He frequently visited Clairvaux and sometime after 1165 remained there living in St Bernard's house. He revised the biography of St Bernard.
Clara Dullaerts + 1545
For forty years she governed the convent of
, with diligence and prudence. During her administration, the house grew spiritually and temporally. Beaupre, Belgium
Abbot of Fossanova and then of Clairvaux, he had sent one of his monks, morally degenerate, to Abbot Peter of Igny to be subjected to regular discipline. When he made a visitation at that house, the monk in question stabbed Gerard and cruelly wounded him. As he continued to turn the dagger in the wound, Gerard meekly said to him, "I beg you, Brother, let your hand cease now, for I cannot live much longer". He died three days later, forgiving his assasin and imploring pardon for him. He is considered the proto-martyr of the Cistercian Order.
Elizabeth 13th century
A nun or abbess of the convent of
, held in high esteem by Bl Herman Joseph. Hoven, Germany
St Hedwig 1174-1243
The daughter of Count Berthold IV of
Andechs, Bavaria, she was married at twelve years old to Duke Henry of . In 1202 on the death of his father, Henry succeeded to the dukedom. At Hedwig's request, he built a Cistercian convent at Trebnitz, as well as numerous other monasteries and hospitals. After the birth of six children, she and Henry took a vow of chastity. Silesia
Hedwig acted as peacemaker in resolving quarrels between her sons, and between her husband and his enemies. After Henry's death in 1238, she went to Trebnitz where she lived the same life as the nuns, but without vows, not only in order to give alms freely, but because she considered herself unworthy to be a nun.
MBS, p. 267; NCE, vol 6, p. 984
Gilbert + 1167
An Englishman, he was abbot successively of Ourscamp and Citeaux. He was called "The Great" by posterity because of the extent of his learning.
Maximus of Arezzo 16th century
A monk of San Salvatore di Settimo in
Tuscany, venerated by the people of as a saint. Florence
Sicard + 1162
A monk of Jouy and later first abbot of Bonlieu.
Gumar 12th century
A judge and ruler in Sardinia, he made a pilgrimage to St Martin's shrine in
, and on his way home stopped at Clairvaux. St Bernard urged him to become a monk, but he refused, until sometime later he heard of Bernard's death. He then placed his eldest son at the head of his realm, entered Citeaux at the age of forty, and persevered until death. Tours
Lutgarde Menetrey + 1919
As a young girl she was outstanding for her generosity in helping the poor. She entered La Fille Dieu which was endeavoring to return to a stricter observance of the Rule. When she was elected abbess, she successfully completed the work of reform. She had a firm trust in God in difficult circumstances, and a strength of soul which she derived from constant prayer and devotion to Christ in his Passion and to his sorrowful Mother.
Peter 12th century
A monk of Clairvaux, he was sent by St Bernard to the monastery of Nydala in
. In extreme old age he was elected abbot of Gutvala in the same country. Sweden
First a hermit, later a monk of Savigny.
As a young man he was undisciplined. His parents wished him to marry, but when he went to visit some relatives at the monastery of Villers, he decided to join them. He found monastic life arduous, and it was only with difficulty and the prayers of his brethren that he was able to persevere. Later he learned to give thanks to God even amid trials and sorrows. He died after spending seven years in the Order.
Giomara da Silva + c. 1590
A nun of Lorvao, Portugual, conspicuous for her obedience, silence and charity toward the sick.
Pancratius Puschinger + 1551
, for thirty years. In unfavorable conditions he admirably governed his house with firmness and constancy. Engelszell, Austria
Marie Jean Baillet + 1893
, at the age of sixteen, he was devoted to the Blessed Virgin under the title of her Immaculate Conception. A soul of great innocence and piety, he contracted tuberculosis and died young. Les Dombes, France
Achard 12th century
A monk of Clairvaux, he was entrusted by St Bernard with the building of several monasteries, including Himmerod. In his old age he instructed the novices from the wealth of his long monastic experience.
Bl Bertrand + 1149
Abbot of Grandselve, a Benedictine house located near
, he governed for thirty years and brought about the affiliation of Grandselve with the Order. Toulouse
MBS, p. 270
Denis Largentier 1557-1624
At the age of sixteen he received the habit of the Order at Clairvaux, and was sent to the
where he obtained a doctorate in theology. After holding several offices in the Order, he was chosen abbot of Clairvaux in 1596. This monastery had preserved a high level of observance and spirituality. As it was at the head of nearly one hundred affiliated houses, Largentier could use his authority to promote the reform movement which was to become known as the Strict Observance. College of St Bernard
Jerome Petit 1586-1635
A monk of Clairvaux, he received a degree in theology from the College of St Bernard and taught there for several years. He then assisted with the reform of several monasteries, acted as novice master at his own, and in 1621 was appointed abbot of l'Etoile, continuing all the while to play a role in the further expansion of the reform movement.
To his memory is added that of his brother and second successor, Placid, who died March 22, 1667.
St Bernard of Calvo + 1243
He studied law, but in 1214 after a severe illness, entered the monastery of
Santa Cruz near . Eleven years later he was elected abbot. Besides governing his monastery, he preached missions in the diocese of Tarragona, Spain , teaching the true doctrine of the Church and defending the rights of the poor and oppressed. In 1233 he was elected bishop of Vich, and made inquisitor by Pope Gregory IX. He accompanied and advised James I of Lerida Aragon in his capaign against the Saracens, and was instrumental in arranging a peace treaty after the siege of . Valencia
MBS, p. 273
Twelve monks of
In 1584, they were slain for refusing to submit to agents of Queen Elizabeth.
Mefrid + c. 1173
, graced with charismatic gifts as well as great industry and foresight. Eberbach, Germany
Catherine Fieffe 1590-1650
At the age of twelve she went to the convent of Parc aux Dames where she lived for many years under private vows of chastity and obedience. She suffered from several maladies, bodily deformity and lameness, but had a quick mind, a great love of God, patience and charity towards her sisters. She was finally admitted to profession at the age of forty.
Armand Jean Le Bouthillier de Rance 1626-1700
Born of a well-to-do, powerful French family, at the age of twelve he became commendatory abbot or prior of five monasteries. He was intelligent, charming, ambitious. He received a good education and was ordained at twenty-five with the expectation of succeeding his uncle as archbishop of
. He was worldly, but respectable, with every indication of a brilliant career ahead of him. Tours
The sudden death of a friend, Mme de Montbazon, led him to a deep conversion experience. He retired from society to his country retreat.
, especially the Desert Fathers, praying, seeking advice, he gradually came to a decision regarding the future course of his life. He renounced all his benefices except the ruined Abbey of La Trappe; this he determined to reform. Twelve monks from Perseigne were sent to re-introduce monastic life at La Trappe, and in May 1663, he himself entered the novitiate at Perseigne, was professed in June the following year, and a month later returned to La Trappe as regular Reading
Only a few weeks later he was sent to
to plead the cause of the Strict Observance; a mission which failed. Unable to secure the assistance of the French king in promoting the reform, he devoted the rest of his life to governing his abbey, which drew many excellent vocations and became exemplary for its fervor - a fervor which was to last long after his death, and eventually prove the means of re-establishing the Cistercian Order in France and elsewhere in the 19th century. Rome
A J Krailsheimer: see his biography of de Rance, his translation of de Rance's letters, CS 80 and 81; CS 86; his three articles in Cistercian Studies, 1983-1985.
Brioloya Daruda + c. 1600
A nun of St Benedict's Convent, Castro, Portugual, noted for her silence and devotion to the crucified Christ.
Giovanni Cardinal Bona 1609-1674
, he became a Feuillant monk at the age of sixteen. After studies in Piedmont, Italy , he was successively professor of theology, prior, abbot and abbot-general of his congregation, and in 1669 was created cardinal. Outstanding for both his holiness and his scholarship, his liturgical writings, especially those on the Mass, placed him among the founders of modern liturgical studies. His ascetical teaching, while lacking in originality, is simple, solid and traditional. Rome
NCE, vol. 2, p. 655
Peter Monoculus + 1186
Italy, he was sent to for his studies, visited the monastery of Igny and became a monk there. When prior, he was elected abbot of Val-Roi. His health was never good and he contracted an infection in one eye which literally devoured the eye in its socket; hence, his name, Monoculus. France
In 1169 the monks of Igny elected him as their abbot and ten years later, he was chosen abbot of Clairvaux. Fearing that this would happen, he hid in a distant grange and was discovered there haying with the brothers, but was constrained by obedience to accept the abbacy of Clairvaux.
He was esteemed by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and Pope Lucius III sent for him to advise him in spiritual matters. He bore physical infirmities and also trials from other people with great patience and meekness. He possessed a gift for prayer, and was especially assiduous in praying for those in purgatory.
MBS, p. 276
Reinier + 13th century
Brother of Godfrey Pachomius (OCTOBER 2), and, like him, a monk of Villers, he lived peacefully among his brethren and enjoyed complete spiritual joy.
Stephen Le Clere de Vodonne 1746-1798
A monk of Clairvaux, he was chaplain to the convent of Our Lady of Les Pres. He was arrested, imprisoned and in 1797 condemned to deportation. Sent to
Guiana, he lived in a hut with three other priests. There he was stricken with fever and festering wounds as well as other hardships to which he succumbed.
A few weeks later, John Francis Doviot, a monk whose monastery is unknown, died there too.
Bl Ida of Leau + c. 1260
Even from her childhood she loved study and received an excellent education probably from a group of Beguines. This love of books was further enhanced after she enter the Cistercian convent of La Ramee, where her excellence as an artist of calligraphy found full scope in the convent's scriptorium.
She was endowed with mystical graces many of which centered around the Blessed Sacrament. Subject to many physical illnesses, she spent long periods in the infirmary which she offered as a holocaust of love in a spirit of abandonment and pure faith.
She seems to have spelled her name Y-D-A and she found in it a spiritual significance: "Y is a sharp letter, D is for Deus (God), A is for Amor (love). So Y-D-A (herself) must be sharp, quick, efficient and acute in the love of God."
At the time of her death, which took place on a Sunday as she had desired, she asked the nun attending her to cover her face; but afterwards the nun withdrew the covering, and Ida's whole countenance shone with a glorious light.
MBS, p. 282
MBS, p. 282